Peptide molecules play a very significant role in the physiological and biochemical functions of the living organisms. The Peptideguide.com states that peptide synthesizer is found in many of the biochemical activities like enzymes, receptors, antibiotics and hormones. Peptides are also very important in the drug and medicine industry especially in the development of skin care and other anti ageing beauty products.
Facts about Peptide molecules: Pepguide.com states that peptide is a polymer or a molecule, which is formed due to the result of the link between two or more amino acids. Amino acids contain both the carboxyl functional group and amine. When a group of amino acids is formed of less that fifty, these molecules are referred to as peptides. However when the molecules are formed of more than fifty then they are called proteins.
Features of Peptides: Amino acids are bonded together by the peptide bonds where carboxyl carbon atoms of one amino acid link to the nitrogen of the other. Hence, because of which peptides can easily be synthesized in a laboratory setting. The synthesis happens because of the coupling of N-terminus of one amino acid to the C terminus of the other. Peptides are made in the lab in two ways, one by the liquid phase peptide synthesizer and the other by the solid phase peptide synthesis.
Types of peptides: Basis the study of Peptideguide.com, peptides is synthesized for several utilities. They are utilized as the peptide hormones in the structure function study of polypeptides. It is also used as hormone analogues in the design of enzymes and making of cross-reacting antibodies.
Roles of Peptides: Basis the ProteinCrystallography.org, peptides is mainly classified according to their functions. They are classified as hormones that carry signals between cells. Alkaloids are made from fungi, shellfish and plants and are mainly involved in preventing an organism from attack. The main function of the Antibiotics is to prevent the growth of microorganisms mainly the bacteria. The other kind of peptides is Neuro-peptides, which are derived from neural tissues, found in the brain and is used in the regulating and signaling processes. Toxin peptides are however poisonous and regulation peptides are mainly used to classify peptides which do not fit into any of the categories mentioned above.
Benefits of Peptides: Peptides are widely used in the skincare and anti-ageing industry as they have the ability to relay messages between skin dermis and epidermis. The SkinCareRX.com states that with age communication reduces within the skin causing lessening of the collagen production and an accumulation of degrade elastine fibers. Peptides like Palmitoyl Pent-a-peptide -3 have shown a remarkable decrease in the skin roughness by 13 percent, reduction in the wrinkle appearance by 36% and reduction in wrinkle depth by 27%. Hence, peptides are in popular demand and have a major role to play in all the leading cosmetic and beauty products that we use on a daily basis.